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 EXPRESSING RESULT/ SO....THAT / SUCH........THAT

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الجنس: ذكر
عدد المساهمات: 105
تاريخ التسجيل: 28/06/2012
العمر: 37

مُساهمةموضوع: EXPRESSING RESULT/ SO....THAT / SUCH........THAT   الثلاثاء أكتوبر 23, 2012 8:14 am


By the name of Allah the mercyful the most mercyful.
Peace of Allah be upon you all.
Tody we shall study how to express cause and effect in english. so students of SE3 pay attention.

1 Expressing cause and effect using [So]
to express result using so we have to follow this rule:

SO + [ADVERB or ADJECTIVE] + THAT

Cause (the main clause
Effect/ result/ Consequence (subordinate clause)
The meteor storm was so beautiful
Adjective
that we watched it all night.
The meteor storm passed so quickly
Adverb
that it went by in one week.
Copies of brands are so cheap
that some consumers don't hesitate to buy them.
There are so many fake products in the market
that consumers lost confidence in them.

So, So is paired with a that-clause to create emphasis. So is an adverbwhich modifies or intensifies an adjective or adverb in the cause-clause. And that follows in the effect-clause with a remarkable or extraordinary comment. (Note that "very" cannot be used in place of so.)


2- Now, Expressing cause and effect using [ such]:
to express result using such we have to follow this rule:

SUCH + [NOUN PHRASE or Noun] + THAT
Noun phrase means [Adjective + noun]
[ Adverb+ noun]

Cause ( main clause)
Result/ effect/ consequence ( subordinate clause)
It was such a beautiful meteor storm
adjective+ noun
that we watched it all night.
It was such a quick meteor storm
Adverb+ noun
that it passed by in one week.
It was such a sight
Noun
that we'll never forget it.


Such is paired with a that-clause to create emphasis. Such is an adjective which modifies the adjective+noun phrase in the cause-clause. The that-clause complements the such-phrase with an effect of remarkable or extraordinary nature. Such is one of the few adjectives that occurs before the article (determiner)

3- a- SO MUCH / MANY
Use so much or so many to place emphasis on the quantity of the object-noun in the cause-clause.

Examples:
We will learn so much interesting information that it will take years to process it.
(so much – adjective + noncount noun)
We will see so many beautiful stars that it will be hard to count them.
(so many – adjective + count noun)
b- SUCH
Use such to place emphasis on the quality of the modifier to the object-noun in the cause-clause.
Examples:
We will learn such interesting information that we will want to read more.
(such – adjective + noncount noun)
We'll see such beautiful stars that we'll be amazed.
(such – adjective + count noun)
*We'll see so beautiful stars that we'll be amazed. (incorrect)

4- Common Mistakes
Mistakes:
*The night was so cold that we were cold. The result is unremarkable. It doesn't need emphasis.
*The night was very cold that we were shivering. shiver (v.) –to shake slightly because of the cold.
*It was so cold night that we wore extra coats.
Correct:
The night was so cold that we had to wear two coats /
we had to turn the heat on in the car /
we had to put a camping blanket around us.
When emphasizing a cause-effect relationship, the effect should be something unusual or remarkable.

The night was so cold that we wore two coats.
When stating a cause-effect relationship, very is not used. Very is used to intensify the quality of an adjective, adverb.

It was such a cold night that we put a camping blanket around us.
Use such before a singular count noun (a night).


Activities:







SO ……THAT or
SUCH (A)…..THAT


Task one:Fill in the gaps with so or such:

1-……lovely 5-….. pupil 9-…….many

2-……lovely day 6-……clever 10-……many times

3-……hard 7-……clever pupil 11-…….much rain

4-……hard work 8-……clever pupils 12-……quickly



Task two: Join these pairs of sentences using ‘so…that’ or ‘such (a)….that’:
1- He was very lazy. He did nothing all day long.
..............................................................................

2- It is a very good story. I’ll never forget it.
............................................................................


3- The light was bright. She had to cover her eyes.
................................................................................


4- I have a very bad memory for faces. I might not know him again.
...................................................................................................


5- The guests were very hungry. They could not wait for knives and forks.
...........................................................................................................


6- They faced many difficulties. They managed to climb the mountain.
...................................................................................................


7- It was a difficult problem. No one could solve it
....................................................................................................


8- Life is dear. We have to economize.

......................................................................................................


Task three: Match half from A with another half from B using ‘so…that’ o
‘such(a)…that’

A B
1-I’ve heard terrible stories about that restaurant a-…in the end she poisoned
him.
2-He worked very hard for his exams b-…even a child could have solved it.
3-He treated his wife badly c-…we left half way through.
4-The problem was very simple d-…he almost had a nervous breakdown
5-It was a very boring film e-…nobody understood him.
6- He spoke very fast f-…I’m not going to eat there again.

Task four: Rewrite the following paragraph using ‘such (a)’ instead of ‘so’

He had to wait so long at the airport that he felt tired before the journey
even started.

...........................................................................................................................................

The flight was so bumpy that he felt sick. The plane’s engines were so noisy that
he couldn’t hear himself speak.
......................................................................................................................................

. The food was so bad that he couldn’t eat it.

........................................................................................................................................


Task five: Complete the following sentences using ‘so’ or ‘such (a)’

1- He was……kind that………………………

2- He ran…...fast that………………………..

3- It was……. dull party that………………

4- She was …..lazy that………………………

5- It’s ………. good story that…………………

6- We were…….hungry that…………………..






good luck
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EXPRESSING RESULT/ SO....THAT / SUCH........THAT

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